What Is An IPO? – Definition, Pros, Cons And Process

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IPO is the abbreviation of Initial public offering. Commonly it is referred to as going public. Initially, it is the first time a private company brings out its shares to the public. This way, it gains the status of a company traded for the public.

The private stock owners open their assets to the stockholders for the first time. In an IPO, the stockholders share a part of the private company. The company can belong to IT, Finance, or legal service.

For example, – in Bangladesh, the software technology industry will soon launch its first eGeneration IPO.




· Generates More Capita

The companies decide to go public because of this very reason. The main motive behind it is to garner extra money to expand infrastructure, clear off the debts, or develop more business.

· Mergers And Acquisitions Through IPO

Mergers and Acquisitions happen once the company is out there by Initial Public Offering. To take over some other company, the payment can be substituted in the form of shares.

Developed public companies get in contact with a small company for a merger. In this case, the deal term mostly includes shares. This allows the cash flow smoothly from a large company to smaller companies.

· Transform Equity To Real Cash

The former stakeholders of the private enterprise keep their shares as equities. So when the company is made public, its an opportunity for the equities to be converted into fast cash by trading it at a good market rate.

· Get Listed Under Stock Exchange

Getting registered in the stock exchange means an acquired bonus by the partners of the company. Through the IPO, they can keep a specific percentage of company shares for themselves and experience a listed business’s status.




· Long, Costly Process

Making a company public is not at all affordable. There is an enormous upfront expense. The legal assents such as account fees, registration costs, issuing charges, and promotional ads take a toll on expenditure.

· Absence Of Control Charge

Once you become a public company and people get involved, there is a loss of business ownership. The Board of directors can fire anyone even if you are a secondary stakeholder.

· The Loss For Business Owners

In an IPO, the business keepers are at a loss as they cannot procure numerous shares. During the lock-in interval, chances are they might not be able to trade their shares in exchange for money in the market.


Process Of Generating An IPO

  • Take advice from a good merchant banker and hire him
  • Formulate an underwriting negotiation among the merchant banker and the private enterprise to operate the financial aspects
  • The merchant banker acquires some shares and trades the rest to the public
  • File the registration description and submit the underwriting contract and documents in the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)
  • Once SEBI approves the statement and details, it gives an announcement date for IPO
  • Various promotions are done to create interest within the citizens to buy the company’s shares


To Sum Up

Investing in an IPO can be rewarding and risky at the same time. However, you should be well-informed before making any purchases.

To get a clear idea, browse through eGeneration, and verify the returns gained by the buyers. A new stock exchange list of IPOs is created every month. Research for companies with great potential and invest there.

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